Housing Resources

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Resources for Research

Bakersfield’s History of Redlining – Bakersfield College Renegade Rip

Bakersfield College hosts program to discuss the history of housing discrimination and redlining in Kern County- CSU, Bakersfield The Runner 


Urban Beginnings: Episode 2 From Exhibit To Empowerment: A Journey Through City Oral History! with Blair Czarecki and Rogelio Martinez

Tract Housing in California, 1945-1973: A Context for National Register Evaluation

Bakersfield’s Punjabi Sikh Community 

Bakersfield’s Chinatowns

Bakersfield, Japanese Internment 1942-1945 World War II

Bakersfield Opens New Centennial Corridor Freeway : The two-mile freeway demolished a swath of the Westpark neighborhood: 271 homes, 15 multi-family buildings and 36 commercial structures

Exploring housing discrimination in Kern County: Exhibit highlights the impact of segregated housing on the development of community.

“America’s Newest Cities,” 2023-2024 exhibit on redlining. https://youtu.be/kNqdB-H4cqo

Session 5: “Kern County Redlining: Addressing the California Association of Realtor’s Apology in 2022” – featuring Donato Cruz with CSUB Walter Stiern Library

Red Lining and Housing Discrimination in Kern County https://youtu.be/COtTLuIDfO0

“The sound of something better,” A legacy of racial injustice in Bakersfield https://youtu.be/_etXpfOYSbo

Minority Housing Districts in Bakersfield in the 19th and 20th Centuries https://youtu.be/jd9I3L5zq0k

Migrations, Social Movements, and the Promise of Digital Local History: An Evening with Historian James Gregory  3-14-2023 https://youtu.be/RcQkdFuoDHw

Bakersfield Council Member Eric Arias reads a racially restricted language for the Bakersfield City Council record. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxZ0W2HqBPY&t=3518s
Bakersfield, Kern County, California: Redistricting and Redlining Effects on BIPOC Communities https://youtu.be/3FRGLpWp6j4

McMillen, Neil R. The Citizens’ Council : Organized Resistance to the Second Reconstruction, 1954-64. First Illinois Paperback. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. Print.

Connolly, N. D. B. A World More Concrete : Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida. Chicago ;: The University of Chicago Press, 2016. Print.

Self, Robert O. American Babylon Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2003. Print.

Countryman, Matthew. Up South : Civil Rights and Black Power in Philadelphia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. Print.

Behnken, Brian D. Civil Rights and Beyond : African American and Latino/a Activism in the Twentieth-Century United States. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2016. Print.

Rosales, Oliver Arthur. “‘Mississippi West’: Race, Politics, and Civil Rights in California’s Central Valley, 1947–1984.” ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2012. Print.

Rios, Daniel. “Black Yields: Race, Space, Labor and Working Class Resistance in Bakersfield, California, 1960-1974.” ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2018. Print.

Cruz, Donato. “‘America’s Newest City’: 1950s Bakersfield and the Making of the Modern Suburban Segregated Landscape.” ProQuest Thesis Publishing, California State University, Bakersfield 2020.

McGirr, Lisa. Suburban Warriors : the Origins of the New American Right. New edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. Web.

Hinton, Elizabeth Kai. From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime : the Making of Mass Incarceration in America. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2016. Print.

Cox, Karen L., and John David Smith. Dixie’s Daughters : the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003. Print.

Gonda, Jeffrey D. Unjust Deeds : the Restrictive Covenant Cases and the Making of the Civil Rights Movement. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2015. Print.

Purnell, Brian, Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodard. The Strange Careers of the Jim Crow North : Segregation and Struggle Outside of the South. New York: New York University Press, 2019. Print.

Loewen, James W. Sundown Towns : a Hidden Dimension of American Racism. 2018 edition. New York: The New Press, 2018. Print.

Baradaran, Mehrsa. The Color of Money : Black Banks and the Racial Wealth Gap. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2018. Web.

Katznelson, Ira. When Affirmative Action Was White : an Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. New York: W.W. Norton, 2005. Print.

Glotzer, Paige. How the Suburbs Were Segregated : Developers and the Business of Exclusionary Housing, 1890-1960. New York: Columbia University Press, 2020. Print.

Slater, Gene. Freedom to Discriminate : How Realtors Conspired to Segregate Housing and Divide America. Berkeley, California: Heyday, 2021. Print.

McGuire, Danielle L. At the Dark End of the Street : Black Women, Rape, and Resistance- a New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power. Vintage books ed. New York: Vintage Books, 2011. Print.

García, Matt. A World of Its Own : Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. Chapel Hill, N.C: University of North Carolina Press, 2001. Print.

Hudson, Lynn M. (Lynn Maria). West of Jim Crow : the Fight Against California’s Color Line. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2021. Print.

Satter, Beryl. Family Properties : Race, Real Estate, and the Exploitation of Black Urban America. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2021. Print.

Rothstein, Richard. The Color of Law : a Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. New York ;: Liveright Publishing Corporation, a division of W.W. Norton & Company, 2018. Print.

Lassiter, Matthew D. The Silent Majority : Suburban Politics in the Sunbelt South. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006. Print.

Trounstine, Jessica. Segregation by Design : Local Politics and Inequality in American Cities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Print.

Turner, Margery Austin, Susan J. Popkin, and Lynette. Rawlings. Public Housing and the Legacy of Segregation. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 2009. Print.

Sugrue, Thomas J. The Origins of the Urban Crisis Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1996. Print.

Rumford, William Byron et al. William Byron Rumford, Legislator for Fair Employment, Fair Housing, and Public Health : an Interview / Conducted by Joyce A. Henderson, Amelia Fry, Edward France ; with an Introd. by A. Wayne Amerson. Berkeley: Bancroft Library, University of California/ Berkeley, Regional Oral History Office, Earl Warren Oral History Project, 1973. Print.

Tobin, Gary A. Divided Neighborhoods : Changing Patterns of Racial Segregation. Newbury Park, Calif: Sage Publications, 1987. Print.

Lamb, Charles M. Housing Segregation in Suburban America Since 1960 : Presidental and Judicial Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Print.

Meyer, Stephen Grant. As Long as They Don’t Move Next Door : Segregation and Racial Conflict in American Neighborhoods. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. Print.

Momeni, Jamshid A., and Joe T. Darden. Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. Print.

Wienk, Ronald E. Measuring Racial Discrimination in American Housing Markets : the Housing Market Practices Survey : Executive Summary. Washington: Division of Evaluation, Office of Policy Development and Research, U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, 1979. Print.

Rapkin, Chester, and William G. Grigsby. The Demand for Housing in Racially Mixed Areas : a Study of the Nature of Neighborhood Change. Special Research Report to the Commission on Race and Housing and the Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960. Print.

Turner, Margery Austin et al. Housing Discrimination Study. Washington, D.C: U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, 1991. Print.

Kirp, David L., John P. Dwyer, and Larry A. Rosenthal. Our Town : Race, Housing, and the Soul of Suburbia. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press, 1995. Print.

Rosen, Harry M., and David H. Rosen. But Not Next Door / by Harry M. Rosen and David H. Rosen ; Foreword by Jacob K. Javits. New York: I. Obolensky, 1962. Print.

Wienk, Ronald E. Measuring Racial Discrimination in American Housing Markets : the Housing Market Practices Survey. Washington, D.C: Division of Evaluation, U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, 1979. Print.

Tilly, Charles., Wagner D. Jackson, and Barry Kay. Race and Residence in Wilmington, Delaware. New York: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University, 1965. Print.

Sidney, Mara S. Unfair Housing : How National Policy Shapes Community Action. Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas, 2003. Print.

Massey, Douglas S., and Nancy A. Denton. American Apartheid : Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1993. Print.

Abrams, Charles. Forbidden Neighbors; a Study of Prejudice in Housing. Port Washington, N.Y: Kennikat Press, 1971. Print.

Brilliant, Mark. The Color of America Has Changed : How Racial Diversity Shaped Civil Rights Reform in California, 1941-1978. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Print.

Charles, Camille Zubrinsky. Won’t You Be My Neighbor? : Race, Class, and Residence in Los Angeles. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2009. Print.

Pietila, Antero. Not in My Neighborhood : How Bigotry Shaped a Great American City. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2010. Print.

Stuart, Guy. Discriminating Risk : the U.S. Mortgage Lending Industry in the Twentieth Century. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003. Print.

Iceland, John. Where We Live Now : Immigration and Race in the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009. Print.

Boger, John Charles., and Judith Welch. Wegner. Race, Poverty, and American Cities. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996. Print.

Brooks, Richard Rexford Wayne., and Carol M. Rose. Saving the Neighborhood : Racially Restrictive Covenants, Law, and Social Norms. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013. Print.

HoSang, Daniel. Racial Propositions : Ballot Initiatives and the Making of Postwar California. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, 2010. Print.


Beale Memorial Library: Jack Maguire Local History Room

Historical Research Center, Walter W. Stiern Library, California State University Bakersfield

National Archives, San Bruno, California